Copper IUD

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The copper IUD is made of plastic and copper wire. It is inserted into your uterus and can stay in place for five years. It can be used even if you haven’t been pregnant.

How it works

Copper IUDs prevent pregnancy without the use of hormones. Ovulation continues as usual, it doesn’t make the uterine lining become thinner and doesn’t thicken the cervical mucus as with hormonal contraception.

Semen that comes in contact with copper will be destroyed, and no fertilization will therefore occur. Should an egg be fertilized, it won’t stick to the wall of the uterus. The IUD irritates the mucous membrane, and it will be shed by the uterus through the menstrual blood.

Jordmor Birgitte - Jordmorklinikken.no - bildeHow to use it

The IUD is placed inside the uterus by the midwife. The copper IUD can stay in place for up to 5 years. If the IUD is inserted at the end of your menstruation, the cervix is slightly more open than usual. If you take Ibux two hours before inserting the IUD, it will be less painful to insert it.

Risks in the first week

In the first week, there is an increased risk of inflammation. If you get a fever or feel ill, experience abdominal pain or malodorous discharge in greater quantities than usual, consult a physician. The first week after insertion you should not have sexual intercourse or take baths.

Side effects

The copper IUD does not increase the risk for blood clots and can, therefore, be used by those who don’t want or can’t use hormonal contraceptives. In rare instances, the IUD is ejected from the uterus. You can also get inflammation of the uterus after the insertion of the IUD. In case of symptoms of pelvic inflammation, consult a doctor immediately.

Uncomfortable but harmless side effects:

  • Discomfort during insertion
  • Increased menstrual bleeding
  • Increased menstrual cramps

Effectiveness

The copper IUD is 99.4% effective at preventing pregnancy for up to 5 years after insertion. After five years, the effectiveness is less certain.

Advantages

  • Unprotected sex is possible without the need to worry about pregnancy
  • Effective from day one
  • No need to worry about contraception for five years

Disadvantages

  • May cause more-severe menstrual cramps
  • Does not protect against diseases
  • Discomfort during insertion

How can I get an IUD?

Copper IUDs are available at our clinic, and we can also insert it. The IUD is placed inside the uterus and has two thin wires that hang down from the cervix after insertion. Neither you nor your partner can feel the IUD after it has been inserted.

What do I need to find out before I can get a copper IUD?

  • Checklist on health
  • Pregnancy test if there’s any possibility that you might be pregnant
  • Get tested for infections on indication; such as pain, bleeding, odour, or partner changes

Source: www.sexogsamfunn.no

Read about: Hormonal IUD  | Etonogestrel birth control implant | Depo-Provera | Mini-pills | Birth control pills  | LARC | FAQ | Affordable birth control