Cervical screening test – Screening for cervical cancer
Every three years, women between the ages of 25 and 69 are invited to have a cervical screening test to reveal precursors to cancer.
The mass survey on cervical cancer is a national cervical cancer screening program administered by the Cancer Registry of Norway (cf. Kreftregisterforskriften). The main goal of the program is to reduce the number of cases and the mortality of cervical cancer.
In 1992, the Cancer Registry began a national registration of all Pap tests.
From 1995, the program became nationwide for women aged 25–69. The mass survey is a collaboration between the health authorities, the country’s pathology departments, test takers (doctor/midwife) and the Cancer Registry.
At Oslo Midwife and Ultrasound Clinic, you can get a Pap test.You will receive the results quickly after taking the test, and if needed, you’ll be referred to a gynaecologist in the primary health services. If desired, we will call you in for a new cervical screening after 3 years.
About cervical cancer
Cervical cancer affects a bit less than 300 women in Norway each year. The cause of cervical cancer is human papillomavirus (HPV). This virus is very common and is transmitted via mucosal contact, most often sexually.
HPV infections will usually clear on its own, but in some cases, it can lead to cancer in the cervix, genitals, anal canal, throat, oral cavity, and neck.
Cervical cancer is the most common of these cancers. There are over 120 different types of HPV, but only 14–15 of the virus types are known to be carcinogenic. Two other types of the HPV virus can produce genital warts but are not carcinogenic. By providing information about HPV, infection and cancer development can be reduced by gaining knowledge about how we can protect ourselves. Cervical cancer can be prevented to some extent by vaccination and screening.
SOI – STDs – Sexual Transmitted Diseases
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as well as other infections of the genitals and urinary tract, can cause health risks and pain to the infected person. Most of the sexually transmitted infections are easy to detect and can be easily treated. Others might be difficult to detect and could also lead to a chronic condition.
If infections are detected at an early stage, it will be easier to treat those that can be treated. This in turn will help prevent the sequelae of infections while at the same time contributing to good health for those with chronic infections.
From a societal perspective, the efforts made in this area will contribute positively to combating sexually transmitted infections (STDs) in society.
The tests we take at our clinic are for chlamydia, mycoplasma, gonorrhoea, and trichomoniasis. To take the test, the woman must be placed in leg holders and a speculum must be inserted vaginally. We are careful and gentle during the procedure.
The Infection Control Act
Infectious diseases such as gonorrhoea, chlamydia, hepatitis B, syphilis, and HIV are transmittable infections endangering public health following the Infection control act (Smittevernloven).This involves a number of obligations and rights for the patient and the doctor. MSIS must always be notified (§ 2–1). Tests for Hepatitis B, syphilis and HIV are taken at the Furst laboratory. We can requisition these tests at our clinic.
Common to these infectious diseases and most others is that they transmit by unprotected intercourse. At Oslo Midwife and Ultrasound Clinic you can test yourself for these sexually transmitted diseases.